Farming is a significant activity for the majority of nations. Talking about the developing countries, they practice agriculture and related activities on a vast scale. However, due to a lot of reasons, the productivity of the yield gets affected the most. There are many reasons as to why productivity of farms matters. Increased productivity influences the growth of the farm market, labour migration, and crop yield with equipment like- rotary cutters, tractor, water system. Basically, it would mean efficient allocation of scarce resources.
The majority of times, the farmers are not able to get the required quantity of the production. Hence, this causes a problem for them. So, it is essential to learn how to improve production. Therefore, there is a need to improve the farming practices so that the yield can be increased. There are so many innovative methods and techniques available for farmers to increase production and achieve long-term sustainability. Here are the ten methods to enhance farming productivity effectively and efficiently.
While farming, one must ensure that the land needs to be amended after every yield and production. If it is not done on time, then the fertility of land keeps on declining. It is the most dominant aspect that should never be ignored. High-quality machines like tractors and threshers are a great way to improve land quality. The mower machine makes the texture of the land smooth, and thus the production amount improves.
During the crop plantation, various methods and techniques are followed. However, the most famous process is to follow the inter-plantation. In this, different types of crops are grown simultaneously. Through this method, there are many possibilities that the crop yield and production will boost to the maximum. However, one must make sure that the suitable crops are planted with each other. Otherwise, the whole product will decline.
In this method, one must plant the crops close to each other. By doing so, the space will not be lost, and maximum production will be attained. Thus, one must keep this fact in mind that the crops must be planted close to each other.
Quantity of Crops
While planting the crops, one must take care of the quantity. A large quantity of the product must be sowed; then, only a large quantity can be obtained.
The traditional farming practice indicates using farming beds to get the best of the crops. In this method, individual separate rows are created through the different paths. Thus then multiple crops can be planted in a row at an exact distance. The prime benefit of this method is, it promotes dense growth and also offers massive production.
During the crop plantation, water management is an essential and fundamental activity that should be done appropriately. If more water is given to the crops, the plants will decline, thus damaging the whole plantation. On the other hand, if less water is delivered to plants, the crops will also be damaged. Hence, there is a need to manage the water supply. For this purpose, one can also install intelligent water management systems. These are highly effective.
“Agriculture is our wisest pursuit, because it will in the end contribute most to real wealth, good morals & happiness.” – Thomas Jefferson
Heat Tolerant Tools and Equipment
The plants are planted in the open because they require sunlight to grow. However, too much heat and sunlight negatively affect the crops. Excessive sunlight leads to sun damage among the crops. Thus, as a farmer, he has to maintain his crops properly. For this purpose, one must invest in heat-tolerant tools and equipment. These tools are specifically designed to keep the excess sunlight away from the crops. In other words, one can also call it the sunscreen products for the plants.
Implement the Use of Nitrogen
Nitrogen is the essential component that promotes healthy crops. Without the usage of nitrogen, crops cannot grow healthy and efficiently. Thus, it is a crucial element that should not be neglected at any cost. It is recommended that the farmers must spray around 100 million tonnes of total nitrogen annually on the crops to keep them healthy and blooming. Nitrogen usage has the power to enhance crop production by 22%, which can provide a significant boost.
Better Quality Seeds
During the sowing process of the plantation, one must take care to use HYV seeds, popularly called High Yielding Variety Seeds. These seeds are of excellent quality and hold power to bloom in a great variety of seeds. Better and improved seeds are a must for better crop production.
Protecting the Plants
Last but not least is crop protection. When an individual can not protect the crops, the total yield will be affected significantly. Many crops get affected because of a lack of care. Hence, one must properly watch the crops.
Farming is an extensive and challenging working activity. However, there is a need to follow the steps mentioned earlier so that yield can be improved. Furthermore, in the majority of nations, agriculture is a significant economic activity. Therefore, there is a massive need to improve the yield to get good returns.